Dandruff is produced by the natural exfoliation of the scalp, sometimes this process can leave some residual scales that can be seen with the naked eye.
When scaling is evident and you see an abundant scalp residue such as crusts and scales, it may be due to some type of health disorder which will need medical attention.
Causes and treatments for dandruff
Contact dermatitis is often the most frequent cause of this condition, where excessive scaling occurs on the skin of the scalp after using a particular product, such as shampoo, dye, hair mask etc.
This dermatitis is usually dry and its peeling is easily detached from the skin sometimes falling on the shoulders.
Dry dermatitis can also be caused by nutritional deficiency and in such cases vitamin and mineral supplementation can be used. Vitamin B and zinc can have good results.
The seborrheic dermatitis differs from the dry dermatitis. In this case the crusts are produced by the excess of tallow, they are attached to the scalp and they do not detach and fall with ease.
The main problem of seborrheic dermatitis is that residues composed of sebaceous secretions and dead cells can cause fungal infections of fungi and bacteria which results in hair loss as well as hair growth.
Hormonal disorders can also cause excess of dandruff in some cases.
Home Remedies for Dandruff
There are a number of home remedies for dandruff, which can be a good option to eliminate dandruff.
If you have already tried using some products and not had any success then homemade and natural products may be a good option to consider.
This plant is ideal to combat the increase of production of sebum in our scalp. Mix aloe vera sap with water and apply the mixture on your hair and scalp, massaging it in circular movement with your fingers. After the application, leave it in your hair for about 10 minutes before rinsing it.
After washing your hair with a shampoo, apply some lemon juice to your hair and leave it for two minutes then wash and rinse your hair.
Olive oil and tea tree
It is a powerful fungicide and disinfectant, ideal if the dandruff is caused by a fungus. Mix one tablespoon of olive oil with 6 drops of tea tree oil and apply it on the scalp. You can also mix it regularly with your shampoo.
Use it daily for 2 to 3 weeks. Sulfur will help remove the fungus that causes the layers and irritation on the scalp. Once the treatment is finished and you see some good results, use it only twice a week to prevent dandruff from appearing again.
Tips for Prevention and Treatment of Dandruff
- Wash the hair properly because if the hair is long, some areas of the scalp may not get cleaned well. If necessary a second application of shampoo may be needed. After each application wait for about two to three minutes before rinsing.
- Some people have the misconception that washing hair often is bad for the scalp, but poor hygiene can cause infections, itching and redness of the scalp. If you see that your hair is becoming weak by regular washing, neutral Ph products should be used specifically designed for the sensitive scalp and irritation.
- Avoiding humidity when fungal infection occurs, as moisture and heat promotes the growth of such infection. It is essential to completely dry the scalp after each wash.